following some kind of trauma, is called Post-Traumatic
Stress Disorder( PTSD).It can occur following the experience
or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military
combat, serious accidents, violent personal assaults like
rape, natural disasters or terrorist incidents. People who
suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares
and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached
or estranged, and these symptoms can be severe enough and
last long enough to significantly impair the persons
Most people who are exposed to a traumatic stressor experience
some of the symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following
exposure. Research suggests that, among individuals who
go on to develop PTSD, roughly 30 percent develop a chronic
form that persists throughout an individuals lifetime.
The course of chronic PTSD usually has periods of symptom
exacerbation and remission or decrease, although for some
individuals symptoms may persist at an unremitting, severe
PTSD can be treated by a variety of forms of psychotherapy.
Some treatments appear to be quite promising, especially
cognitive-behavioral therapy, group therapy, and exposure
therapy, in which the patient repeatedly relives the frightening
experience under controlled conditions to help him or her
work-through the trauma.
And Family Therapy